Structured Writing for Content Areas


If your students are having difficulty getting started on

content writing,

try these frames!

Check out these frames from this fabulous site!  There's SO MANY links to navigate through!


Before _________________, many steps must be completed.            First, _________________________.  Second,________________________.  Third,________________________.  After this,   _________. Finally, __________________________________.

Sequence Text Structure

Here is how a __________ is made.  First, _________.  Next, __________.  Then, __________.  Finally, __________.

Time Order Text Structure

The events leading up to _______ were:   First, _______________.  Second, ___________.  Third, ____________. Fourth, ___________.  Finally, ___________.


______________is useful in many ways.  For example, _______.      Also, ______________.    In addition, ____________.                          Finally, ___________________________.

Story Summary With One Character Included

Our story is about _________.  _______ is an important character in our story.  __________ tried to _________.  The story ends with _________.

Important Idea or Plot

In this story, the problem starts when ____________.  After that, _________.  Next, ____________.  Then, _________.  The problem is finally resolved when ______________.  The story ends with___________.


The story takes place _________.  I know this because the author uses the words "_____________."  Other clues that show when/where the story takes place are __________.

Character Analysis

_________ is an important character in our story.  ________ is important because ____________.  Once s/he ________.  Another time, _________.  I think that _____ is ______ because _________.

Character Comparison

_______ and ______ are two characters in our story.  _____ is ______ while ______ is ________.  For instance, _______ tries to ______ and _______ tries to _______.  _______ learns a lesson when _________.

Basic Reaction Frame

I learned some interesting facts about ____________________ after reading the selection.  First, ______________________________.  Second, _____________________________________________.  Third,  __________________________________________.  However, the most important thing I learned was _____________________________________________.

Reaction Frame Using Prior Knowledge

Although I already knew that __________________________, I learned some new facts about _____________________from reading the selection.  For instance, I learned ________________________.  I also learned that ________________________________.  The thing I wanted to learn more about was _____________________.

Reaction From Requiring Revision of Knowledge

Before I read this selection I thought _______________________.  After reading more about _______________, I found out ______________________.  I also learned some other new facts about ____________.  First, ___________________________.  Second, ______________________________________.  Finally, ________________________________________________.

Comparison Frame

____________________ and ______________________ are alike in many ways.  First, both________________________________.  Second, both ________________________________________.  Finally, both _____________________________________________________.

Contrast Frame 

____________________ differs from ____________________ in several ways.  First, _______________is  ______________, while __________is______________________________.  Second, ______________is _________________ while ______________ is_____________.  I think the easiest way to differentiate is the fact that ___________is___________and______is__________.

Problem-Solution Text Structure

________ had a problem because ______.  Therefore, ____________.  As a result, __________.

Cause/Effect Text Structure

 _______, ________,  _______ caused _______.  The effect of ________, ________, and __________ is ________________.

Writing About a Magazine Article

The article was about ______________________________.  Several interesting ideas I learned were _________________________.  In my opinion, this article _____________________________.

Nonfiction Book Report

The book ____________________ by ___________________ is a wonderful way to learn about _____________________.  From this book I learned four important facts about _____________________.  First, __________________________________.  Second, __________________________________.  Third, ___________.  Finally, ____________________________________.  The book also tells about ________________________________.  For example, did you know that _________________________________________?  As a result of reading this book, I decided ___________________ because _______________________.  I  (would/would not) recommend this book to ____________________ because ____________________________________________.

These frames were created by Dr. Leslie Roberts and Evelyn Cudd. 



Compiled by:  Araujo, Judith E., M.Ed., CAGS. "Structured Writing for Content Areas." Mrs. Judy Araujo, Reading Specialist. N.p., 24 June 2013. Web. <>.

Graphics from Google Images.  Right click on them.


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