An effective way to teach reading groups is by following The Cafe Book, by Gail Boushey and Joan Moser. I strongly urge any teacher to read this book! Here is the generic teaching point menu that I found on Google Images:
Teachers can become a member of The Daily Cafe.
When you are a member, you get access to CAFE menus broken down by grade level and aligned to the Common Core State Standards!
For example, an accuracy strategy in grades K and 1 is point to each word. A comprehension strategy is to do a picture walk prior to reading.
You can get these TERRIFIC strategy cards for FREE that coincide with the CAFE! Google “Down Under Teacher Reading CAFE Strategy Cards” or click: HERE! As you teach each strategy, hang the card up! It makes a beautiful and effective year round bulletin board!
A sample “kick off” schedule is as follows. MODEL the strategies first.
Day 1 ~ Comprehension Goal: Check for Understanding strategy. As students read they constantly monitor the WHO and WHAT of the book. Accuracy Goal: Cross Checking. Did I check the picture and letter sounds? Does what I am reading look right? Sound right? Make sense? Expand Vocabulary Goal: Tune Into Interesting Words. Find new words that you can use in speaking and writing.
Day 2 ~ Continue to teach, review, refer to, and apply the previously taught strategies. Always refer to the GOAL (the goal is either C, A, F, or E) and the STRATEGY (the teaching points under C, A, F, E) you are using so the children can begin to “own” them. Comprehension Goal: Back Up and Reread. Monitor your reading and know when to stop when the text no longer makes sense.
Day 3-6 ~ Teach Fluency Goal: Read Good Fit Books. Model reading the right level book for the right purpose.
Day 7-11 ~ Comprehension Goal: Monitor and Fix-Up. Monitor your reading and ask yourself questions, summarize, adjust rate, reread, read on, skim/scan.. Fluency Goal: Voracious Reading as it relates to fluency. Read more books at your level! Keep reading! Expand Vocabulary Goal: Voracious Reading as it relates to vocabulary. The more you read, the more words you will learn! Continue to teach, review, refer to, and apply the previously taught strategies.
Day 12-16 ~ Comprehension Goal: Use Prior Knowledge to Connect With Text. Flip through the text. What do you already know about the topic, author, genre that can help you understand? Continue to teach, review, refer to, and apply the previously taught strategies.
Day 17-21 ~ Comprehension Goal: Make a mental picture or image. Make a movie in your mind, using sensory images. Continue to teach, review, refer to, and apply the previously taught strategies.
Day 22- through the end of the year ~ Continue to teach, review, refer to, and apply the previously taught strategies. Look closely at individual assessments to see what each student needs. Continue pulling strategies from your CAFE menu to teach as well! There’s MANY teaching points under each goal.
Boushey, Gail and Joan Moser. The Cafe Book, Engaging All Students in Daily Literacy Assessment and Instruction. Portland: Stenhouse Publishers, 2009.