Mentor Texts for Phonetic Elements

Short a Books

Addie Meets Max Joan Robins Harper& Row, 1985 Level J
Angus and the Cat Marjorie Flack Doubleday, 1931 Level I
A Birthday Basket for Tia Pat Mora MacMillan, 1992 Level L
Caps for Sale Esphyr Slobodkina Addison-Wesley, 1940 Level K
The Cat in the Hat Dr. Seuss Random House, 1957 Level J
The Fat Cat Jack Kent Scholastic, 1971 Level I
The Gingerbread Man Karen Schmidt Scholastic, 1985 Level I
The Little Mouse, the Red, Ripe Strawberry, and the Big, Hungry Bear Don Wood Child’s Play, 1990 Level I
Millions of Cats Wanda Gag Putnam, 1977 Level N
My Friends Taro Gomi Chronicle Books, 1990 Level G
There’s an Ant in Anthony Bernard Most Morrow, 1980 Level I
Who Took the Farmer’s Hat Joan Nodset Harper & Row, 1963 Level I
ab    
The April Rabbits David Cleveland Level O
Little Rabbit’s Loose Tooth Lucy Bate K interest level
Abiyoyo Pete Seeger Level O
A House For Hermit Crab Eric Carle Level K
Seven Little Rabbits John Becker Level J
ack    
The Teacher From the Black Lagoon Mike Thaler Level M
If the Dinosaurs Came Back Bernard Most Level H
Little Black Goes to the Circus Walter Farley ?
Black and White David Macauley K interest level
Miss Nelson is Back James Marshall Level L
A Very Scary Jack-O-Lantern Joanne Barkan Level L
The Jacket I Wear in the Snow Shirley Neitzel Level K
Old Black Fly Jim Aylesworth Level J
ad    
Bear Shadow Frank Asch Level J
Madeline’s Rescue Ludwig Bemelmans Level K
How to Get Rid of Bad Dreams Nancy Hazbry ?
A Bear Called Paddington Michael Bond Level T
I Wish I Had Duck Feet Theo LeSieg ?
Addie Meets Max Joan Robins Level J
ag    
Angel Child, Dragon Child Michele Maria Surta Level M
JamaicaTag-Along Juanita Havil Level K
All About Magnet Stephen Krensky ?
Dragons, Dragons and Other Creatures That Never Were Eric Carle Grade 3 interest level
al    
Blueberries For Sal Robert McCloskey Level M
Alexander, Who Used to be Rich Last Sunday Judith Viorst Level M
Big Al Andrew Clements Level L
Be My Valentine M.J. Carr Level M
Sally’s Room M.K. Brown Level M
Trick or Treat Halloween Sharon Peters ?
Valentine Friends Ann Schweniger Level I
am    
Jamberry Bruce Degen Level J
Green Eggs and Ham Dr. Seuss Level J
Bread and Jam forFrances Russell Hoban Level K
Sam, Bangs, and Moonshine Evaline Ness Level P
Hamilton Duck’s Springtime Story Arthur Getz ?
The Tale of Benjamin Bunny Beatrix Potter Level N
an    
Anna Banana and Me Lenore Blegvad Level M
There’s An Ant in Anthony Bernard Most Level I
The Gingerbread Man Karne Schmidt Level I
ank    
Thanksgiving Day Gail Gibbons Level L
The Thanksgiving Story Alice Dagliesh Level L
The Pilgrim’s First Thanksgiving Ann McGovern Level O
Oh, What a Thanksgiving Steven Kroll ?
ap    
The Napping House Audrey Wood Level I
“TheLandofHappy” form Where The Sidewalk Ends Shel Silverstein Grade 3 interest level
Caps, Hats, Socks, and Mittens Louise Borden PreK interest level
Apples and Pumpkins Anne Rockwell Level I
Latkes and Applesauce:  A Hanukkah Story Fran Manushkin Level P
Caps forSale Esphyr Slobodkina Level  K
at
The Cat in the Hat Dr. Seuss Level J
Old Hat New Hat Stan and Jan Berenstain Level H
The Very Hungry Caterpillar Eric Carle Level J
Batter Up! Neil Johnson Level N
Hello Cat, You Need a Hat Rita Golden Gelman Level I
The Little Red Caboose That Ran Away Polly Curren ?
Caps, Hats, Socks and Mittens Louise Borden PreK Interest Level
Angus and the Cat Marjorie Flack Level I
Alex and the Cat Helen Griffith ?
The Fat Cat Jack Kent ?
Who Took the Farmer’s Hat? Joan Nodset Level I

Short e Books

Emma’s Pet David McPhail Dutton, 1988 Level F
An Extraordinary Egg Leo Lionni Knopf, 1994 Level M
The Little Red Hen Paul Galdone Scholastic, 1973 Level J
Shoes From Grandpa Mem Fox Orchard Books, 1992 Level I
Jessica Kevin Henkes Level K
Hester the Jester Ben Shecter ?
I Don’t Believe in Elves Jane Thayer ?
The Most Wonderful Egg in the World Helme Heine Level K
eck
Yeck Eck Evaline Ness ?
ed
The Bed Book Harriet Ziefert ?
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer Eileen Daly ?
The Little Red Caboose That Ran Away Polly Curren ?
The Little Red Hen Paul Galdone Level J
ell
The Doorbell Rang Pat Hutchins Level J
The Snail’s Spell Joanne Ryder Level K
Cinderella Charles Perrault Level O
Elephant’s in a Well Marie Hall Ets ?
en
The Day the Teacher Went Bananas James Howe Level H
The Tale of Benjamin Bunny Beatrix Potter Level N
The Legend of the Bluebonnet Tomie dePaola Level O
Valentine Friends Ann Schweninger Level I
The Mitten Jan Brett Kindergarten Interest Level
Ten Pennies for Candy Henry Wing ?
The Little Red Hen Paul Galdone Level J
est
The Biggest Pumpkin Ever Steven Kroll Level M
The Best Teacher in the World Bernice Chardiet Level K
Chester’s Way Henry Wing Level K
Daddy Makes the Best Spaghetti Anna Grossnickle ?
et
Let’s Be Friends Hans Wilhelm ?
The Skeleton Inside You Philip Balestrino Level N
How to Get Rid of Bad Dreams Nancy Hazbry ?
A Letter to Santa Claus R. Impey and S. Porter ?
There’s a Wocket in My Pocket Dr. Seuss Level H
D.W. All Wet Marc Brown Level I

Short i Books

Bit By Bit  Steve Sanfield  Putnam, 1995 Level J
The Doorbell Rang  Pat Hutchins    Greenwillow, 1986 Level J
Fix-It  David McPhail  Dutton, 1984 Level I
Gilberto and the Wind  Marie Hal Ets  Viking, 1966 Level K
Inch By Inch  Leo Lionni  Astor-Honor, 1962 Level K
Is it Dark?  Is it Light? Mary D. Lankford  Knopf, 1991 Level E
Small Pig  Arnold Lobel  Harper & Row, 1969 Level I
Titch  Pat Hutchins  Macmillan, 1971 Level G
Two Crazy Pigs  Karen Nagel  Scholastic, 1992 Level I 
Whistle for Willy  Ezra Jack Keats  Viking, 1964 Level L
Call for Mr. Sniff Thomas Lewis ?
This is. . . Gloria Patrick ?
ick
Chicken Soup With Rice Maurice Sendak Level M
Trick or Treat Halloween Sharon Peters ?
Frederick Leo Lionni Kindergarten Interest Level
Chicken Little Steven Kellogg Level L
The Wolf’s Chicken Stew Keiko Kasza Level J
id
King Bidgood’s in the Bathtub Audrey Wood Level J
Mr. Biddle and the Bird Lonzo Anderson ?
How to Get Rid of Bad Dreams Nancy Hazbry ?
ig
The Big Bunny and the Easter Eggs Steven Kroll ?
The Big Snow Berta and Elmer Hader Level M
Geraldine’s Big Snow Holly Keller Level I
The Biggest Pumpkin Ever Steven Kroll Level M
The Berenstain Bears and the Big Road Race Stan and Jan Berenstain Level I
ill
The Very Hungry Caterpillar Eric Carle Level J
The Three Billy Goats Gruff Susan Blair ?
Jesse Bear, What Will You Wear? Nancy White Carlstrom Level H
Millions of Cats Wanda Gag Level N
Willy the Wimp Anthony Browne Kindergarten Interest Level
My Brother, Will Joan Robins ?
in
A Winter Day Douglas Florian ?
The Best Teacher in the World Bernice Chardiet Level K
Bears in the Night Stan and Jan Berenstain Level D
Pumpkin, Pumpkin Jeanne Titherinton Level F
The Jacket I Wear in the Snow Shirley Neitzel Level K
The Skeleton Inside You Philip Balestrino Level N
Bumps in the Night Harry Allard Level K
ing
Waiting for Spring Stories Bethany Roberts ?
Animals Should Definitely Not Wear Clothing Judi Barrett Level L
Hamilton Duck’s Springtime Story Arthur Getz ?
I Was Walking Down the Road Sarah Barchas Level H
The Missing Tart B.G.  Hennessy ?
It’s Not Easy Being a Bunny Marilyn Sadler Level I
The Hungry Thing Returns Jan Slepian and Ann Seidler ?
The King’s Fountain Ezra Jack Keats ?
A Bear Called Paddington Michael Bond Level T
ink
Oh, The Thinks You Can Think Dr. Seuss Level K
And to Think That I saw it on Mulberry Street Dr. Seuss Level K
George Shrinks William Joyce Level H
ip
Chipmunk Song Joanne Ryder ?
Round Trip Ann Jonas Level K
The Fool of the World and the Flying Ship Arthur Ransome Grade 3 Interest Level
The Scroobious Pip Edward Lear and Ogden Nash ?
it
The Mitten Jan Brett K Interest Level
Caps, Hats, Socks, and Mittens Louise Borden PK Interest Level
The Witch Next Door Norman Bridwell Level F
The Little Drummer Boy Ezra Jack Keats Level K
The True Story of the Three Little Pigs Jon Scieszka Level O
Little Red Caboose That Rain Away Polly Curren ?
Little Black Goes to the Circus Walter Farley ?

Short o Books

All About You C. and L. Anholt Viking, 1992 Level G
Animal Tracks Arthur Dorros Scholastic, 1991 Level L
Drummer Hoff Barbara Emberley Prentice-Hall, 1967 Level J
Flossie & the Fox Patricia McKissack Dial, 1986 Level O
Fox in Socks Dr. Seuss Random House, 1965 Level H
I Need a Lunch Jeannette Caines HarperCollins, 1993 Level H
Mop Top Don Freeman Viking, 1955 Level L
Oscar Otter Nathaniel Benchley Harper & Row, 1966 Level J
ob    
Animals on the Job Nancy Krulik ?
A Day With Wilbur Robinson William Joyce Level M
Dinosaur Bob William Joyce Level N
Fox on the Job James Marshall Level J
ock    
Caps, Hats, Socks, Mittens Louise Borden PK Interest Level
There’s a Wocket in My Pocket Dr. Seuss Level H
Fox in Socks Dr. Seuss Level H
Rocks and Minerals E;izabeth Marcus ?
Cock-a-Doodle Doo!  A Day on the Farm VeniceShone ?
Possum Come a-Knockin’ Nancy Van Loan Level H
Cock-a-Doodle-Moo Bernard Most ?
og    
Jump, Frog, Jump! Robert Kalan Level I
Frog and Toad ArnoldLobel Level K
Frogs, Toads, Lizards, and Salamanders Nancy Parker K Interest Level
It’s Groundhog Day Steven Kroll Level K
Go Dog, Go! P.D. Eastman Level E
Would You Rather Be a Bullfrog? Theo LeSieg ?
Goggles Ezra Jack Keats Level J
Mogwogs on the March Oliver Dunrea ?
Big Frogs, Little Frogs Patrick Miller ?
“The Frog and the Ox” from Once in a Wood Eve Rice Level K
op    
The Popcorn Book Tomie dePaola Level N
Hop On Pop Dr. Seuss Level J
ot    
It’s Not Easy Being a Bunny Marilyn Sadler Level I
Animals Should Definitely Not Wear Clothing Judi Barrett Level L
The Big Orange Splot Daniel Pinkwater Level M
I Just Forgot Mercer Mayer Level I
Oscar Otter Nathaniel Benchley Level J

 Short u Books

The Cut-Ups James Marshall Viking, 1984 Level  J
Hunches and Bunches Dr. Seuss Random House, 1982 Level P
Umbrella Taro Yashima Viking, 1958 Level K
Big Gus and Little Gus Lee Lorenz ?
Donald Says Thumbs Down Nancy Cooney ?
ub    
Tub People Pam Conrad Level K
King Bidgood’s in the Bathtub Audrey Wood Level J
uck    
Hamilton Duck’s Springtime Story Arthur Getz ?
Truck Song Diane Sieberg ?
Make Way for Ducklings Robert McCloskey Level L
I Wish I Had Duck Feet Theo LeSieg ?
The Ugly Duckling Hans Christian Andersen Level J
Seven Little Ducks Margaret Friskey ?
ug    
Bugs Nancy Parker Level O
A Bug in a Jug and Other Funny Rhymes Gloria Patrick ?
The Ugly Duckling Hans Christian Andersen ?
The Icky Bug Book Jerry Pallotta Kindergarten Interest Level
um    
The Right Number of Elephants Jeff Sheppard Level I
The Little Drummer Boy Ezra Jack Keats Level K
The Temper Tantrum Book Edna Preston ?
Anna’s Summer Songs Mary Steele ?
Umbrella Taro Yashima Level K
Humphrey’s Bear Jan Wahl Level J
Yummers James Marshall ?
ump    
Bumps in the Night Harry Allard Level K
The Biggest Pumpkin Ever Steven Kroll Level M
Pumpkin Pumpkin Jeanne Titherington Level F
Apples and Pumpkins Anne Rockwell Level I
Jump Frog Jump Robert Kalan Level I
Ben’s Trumpet Rachel Isadora Level L
Thump and Plunk Janice May Udry Kindergarten Interest Level
un    
The Hungry Thing Returns Jan Slepian and Ann Seidler ?
The Tale of Benjamin Bunny Beatrix Potter Level N
The Big Bunny and the Easter Eggs Steven Kroll ?
It’s Not Easy Being a Bunny Marilyn Sadler Level I
The Runaway Bunny Margaret Wise Brown Level I
Where’s the Bunny? Ruth Carroll ?

 Facts About Silent E 

  • Silent e usually makes the vowel says its name, not its sound, as in rake, Pete, bike, rode, tube.
  • Silent e helps to keep some words from looking like plurals, as in please ~ not pleas, and house ~ not hous.
  • The letter v does not appear at the end of words, so the silent e gives these words orthographic regularity as in dove, love, shove, have. 
  • The silent e indicates when the letter g or c stands for its soft sound, as in cage or race. 

In addition to silent e, many vowel spellings are formed by vowel digraphs, also known as vowel pairs or teams.  This chart shows the predictability of various vowel digraphs. 

ai 74% as in pain, air 15% as in chair
ay 96% as in say
ea 51% as in seat, 26% short sound as in head
ee 86% as in feet, eer 12% as in in steer
ey 58% as in key, 20% long a sound as in they, 12% long i sound as in geyser
oa 94% as in boat
ow 50% as in snow, 48% as in how
oi 98% as in soil
oy 98% as in boy
ou 41% as in trouble, 35% as in house
au 94% as in haul
aw 100% as in hawk
oo 59% as in food, 36% as in foot
ei 40% long a as in eight, 26% long e as in deceit, 13% short i as in foreign, 11% long i as in seismic
ie 51% long e as in chief, 17% long i as in lie, 15% as in patient
ew 95% as in few
ui 53% as in fruit, 47% short I as in build

The above information came from my Orton-Gillingham course work.

Long a Books

Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain Verna Aardema Dial, 1981 Level J
Owl at Home ArnoldLobel HarperCollins, 1975 Level J
The Pain and the Great One Judy Blume Bradbury, 1974 Level N
Sheila Rae, The Brave Kevin Henkes Greenwillow, 1987 Level K
The Paper Crane Molly Bang Greenwillow, 1985 Level L
ale    
Caps forSale Esphyr Slobodkina Level K
A Tale ofAntarctica Ulco Glimmerveen Level N
The Tale of Benjamin Bunny Beatrix Potter Level N
Whale and Dolphin Vincent Serventy ?
Whales and Sharks Bobbie Whitcombe ?
ake    
Make Way for Ducklings Robert McCloskey Level L
ame    
Some Things Are Different, Some Things are the Same Mrya Dantzer-Rosenthal ?
If the Dinosaurs Came Back Bernard Most Level H
The Relatives Came Cynthia Rylant Level K
ail    
If You Sailed on the Mayflower Ann McGovern Level P
Sailboat Lost Leonard Fisher ?
Kites Sail High Ruth Heller Kindergarten Interest Level
The Snail’s Spell Joanne Rider Level K
The Lace Snail Betsy Byars ?
ain    
The Train David McPhail ?
Earthlets as Explained by Professor Xargle Jeanne Wills ?
The Legend of the Indian Paintbrush Tomie dePaola Level O
Trains Gail Gibbons Level M
The Incredible Painting of Felix Closseau Jon Agee ?
Taste the Raindrops Anna Hines ?
ade    
Jake Baked a Cake B.G. Hennessey Level I
The Snake’s Mistake Keith Faulkner and Jonathan Lambert ?
Thunder Cake Patricia Polacco Level M
Pancakes, Pancakes Eric Carle Level M
The Cake that Mack Ate Rose Robart ?

 Long e Books

Arthur’s Funny Money Lillian Hoban HarperCollins, 1981 Level K
Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See? Bill Martin, Jr. Holt, 1967 Level C
Clifford’s Puppy Days Norman Bridwell Scholastic, 1989 Level  J
Have You Seen Trees? Joanne Oppenheim Young Scott Books, 1967 Level L
Jenny’s Journey Sheila White Samton Puffin Books, 1993 Level K
Miss Nelson Has a Field Day Harry Allard Houghton Mifflin, 1988 Level L
Pierre:  A Cautionary Tale Maurice Sendak HarperCollins, 1991 Level K
We Scream For Ice Cream Bernice Chardiet and Grace Maccarone Scholastic, 1992 Level K
Never Tease a Weasel Jean Soule ?
“Stand Back!” Said the Elephant, “I’m Going to Sneeze” Patricia Thomas ?
eat    
Trick of Treat Halloween Sharon Peters ?
Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs Judi Barrett Level M
Gregory, the Terrible Eater Mitchell Sharmat Level L
Muskrat, Muskrat, Eat Your Peas Sarah Wilson ?
eep    
Sheep in a Jeep Nancy Shaw Level G
My Teacher Sleeps in School Leatie Weiss Level L
Ira Sleeps Over Bernard Waber Level L
When Sheep Cannot Sleep Satoshi O’Neill Level J
Little Bo Peep Paul Galdone ?
Ten Sleepy Sheep Holly Keller ?

 Long i Books 

The Bike Lesson Stan and Jan Berenstain Random House, 1964 Level I
Jamaica’s Find Juanita Havill Houghton Mifflin, 1987 Level K
Tight Times Barbara Hazen Viking, 1979 Level K
When the Tide is Low Sheila Cole Lothrop, Lee, & Shepard, 1985 Level L
Why Can’t I Fly? Rita Gelman Scholastic, 1979 Level G
Wild Wild Sunflower Child Nancy White Carlstrom Macmillan, 1991 Level M
ice    
Nice New Neighbors Franze Brandenberg Level K
Chicken Soup With Rice Maurice Sendak Level M
A Nice Walk in the Jungle Nan Bodsworth ?
Mrs. Brice’s Mice Syd Hoff Level I
Mice Twice Joseph Low Kindergarten Interest Level
If Mice Could Fly John Cameron ?
ide    
The Skeleton Inside You Philip Balestrino Level N
Hide and Seek Fog Alvin Tresselt Level M
How to Dig a Hole to the Other Side of the World Faith McNulty Level L
Roller Coaster Ride Zachary Judd ?
ight    
Grandfather Twilight Barbara Berger ?
Bears in the Night Stan and Jan Berenstain Level D
Bumps in the Night Harry Allard Level K
White Snow Bright Snow Alvin Tresselt Level L
The Right Number of Elephants Jeff Sheppard Level I
The Night Before Christmas Clement Moore Level N
Tight Times Barbara Hazen Level K
ine    
Valentine Friends Ann Schweninger Level I
Sam. Bangs, and Moonshine Evaline Ness Level P

Long o Books 

Lost! David McPhail Little, Brown 1993 Level H
A New Coat for Anna Harry Ziefert Knopf, 1988 Level O
One Monday Morning Uri Shulevitz Scribner, 1967 Level G
Roll Over! Mordicai Gerstein Crown, 1984 Level C
Snowsong Whistling Karen Lotz Dutton, 1993 Level J
Toad on the Road Jon Buller and Susan Schade Random House, 1992 Level E
When I Am Old With You Angela Johnson Orchard Books, 1993 Level I
White Snow, Bright Snow Alvin Tresselt Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1947 Level L
The Adventures of  Mole and Troll Tony Johnston ?
Night Noises and Other Mole and Troll Stories Tony Johnston ?
The Giant’s Toe Brock Cole ?
oat    
The Three Billy-Goats Gruff Susan Blair ?
The Rough, Gruff Goat Brothers Rap Jan Chardiet ?
Boats Ken Robbins ?
Who Sank the Boat? Pamela Allen Level K
old    
Annie and the Old One Miska Miles Grade 3 Interest Level
Old Black Fly Jim Aylesworth Level J
Old Hat New Hat Stan and Jan Berenstain Level H
There Was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly ? ?
ow    
The Snowy Day Ezra Jack Keats Level J

 Level u Books 

Tell Me A Trudy Lore Segal Farrar, Strauss & Giroux, 1977 Level K
“Excuse Me – Certainly!” Louise Slobodkin ?
The Troll Music Anita Lobel ?

Short oo (as in cook) and Long oo (as in boot) Books  ~ Did you know that the long sound of oo as in “boot” occurs more frequently than the short sound?  When a child is stuck on an oo word, have him/her try the long sound first!

Everybody Cooks Rice Norah Dooley Carolrhoda, 1992 Level N
Michael Bird-Boy Tomie dePaola Simon & Schuster, 1987 Level I
A Placefor Grace Jean Davies Okimoto Sasquatch, 1993 Level K
Sally’s Room M.K. Brown Scholastic, 1992 Level M
Song and Dance Man Karen Ackerman Knopf. 1988 Level O
This is Baseball Margaret Blackstone Henry Holt, 1993 Level E
Too Many Babas Carolyn Croll HarperCollins, 1994 Level K

 r-Controlled Vowels Books ~ Remember “her bird burps” ~ er, ir, ur makes the exact same sound.

The Berenstain Bears and the Sitter Dan and Jan Berenstain Random House, 1987 Level L
A House for Hermit Crab Eric Carle Picture Books Studio, 1991 Level K
Ox-Cart Man Donald Hall Puffin, 1983 Level K
ore    
General Store Rachel Field ?
George and Martha Encore James Marshall Level L
More Spaghetti. I Say! Rita Gelman Level G
ar    
TarBeach Faith Ringgold Level P
Martin and the Tooth Fairy Bernice Chardiet Level K
Bear’s Bargain Frank Asch Level J
The Missing Tarts B.G. Hennessy Kindergarten Interest Level
George and Martha Encore James Marshall Level L
Ox-Cart Man Donald Hall Level K
The Missing Tarts B.G. Hennessy Kindergarten Interest Level

aw Books

aw    
An To Think That I Saw It On Mulberry Street Dr. Seuss Level K
Hawk, I’m Your Brother Byrd Baylor Grade 3 Interest Level

 Diphthongs ou and oi Books

Baseball Ballerina Kathryn Cristaldi Random Books for Young Readers. 1992 Level J
The Boy of the Three Year Nap Dianne Snyder Houghton Mifflin, 1988 Level O
The Boy Who Didn’t Believe in Spring Lucille Clifton Viking, 1992 Level L
The Cow Who Wouldn’t Come Down Paul Brett Johnson Orchard Books, 1993 Level P
Fox On Wheels Edward Marshall Puffin, 1993 Level J
The Leaving Morning Angela Johnson Orchard Books. 1992 Level I
Too Much Noise Ann McGovern Houghton Mifflin, 1992 Level J

 

I believe these book lists were created by Marie McKenzie, Waltham Public Schools Reading Director.

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