Advice for PreK & K Parents/Letter Sound Teaching Order



Grade 1 Fundations ~ Parents, Follow This With Your K and/or 1 Child!

Northeast Elementary uses Fundations in grade K, 1, and 2!

A.  Read to your child every day ~ 15 minutes each day!  There is much research on the importance of reading aloud.  Show that reading is FUN!  Talk about the pictures, events, favorite parts.  Reading aloud will expose your child to new words, ideas, places, events, and more complex plots and sentences than beginning reading books have to offer.  If your child is learning to read, he/she can read those books.  YOU, however, should be reading more difficult picture books to your child, such as the child's library books.

Top 10 reasons why you should read aloud to your child:

1.  Your child will feel the love and attention.  Cuddle up together in a special spot and make this time special.

2.  It encourages your child to become a reader/better reader when the parent acts as a role model.

3.  Listening to stories develops attention spans.

4.  Books help imaginations SOAR!

5.  The illustrations will help your child appreciate art.

6.  Books pass on parental values.

7.  Books are fun!

8.  Listening to a story read aloud well is magical to a child.

9.  This time with your child will create a lifetime of memories.

10.  Every teacher and librarian will thank you!

It is okay to reread your child's favorite books over and over. 

B.  Teach your child the names of the letters of the alphabet.  Play games of matching the lower case letter to the upper case letter and vice versa.   Teach the sounds of the letters.  At Northeast Elementary, we follow Wilson Fundations.  See the letter teaching sequence and picture cards below.  Students are trained to say "a, /a/, apple.  b /b/, bat" and so forth.

C.  Teach your child how to write his/her name properly ~ using an upper case letter only at the first letter.  The other letters should be lower case.  Teach that letters start from the top down ~ be sure your child is forming letters correctly so not to have him/her develop bad habits.  FOLLOW THE CHART BELOW.  Children should write with a small golf pencil, not a fat preschool pencil.

The following letters are all formed like the letter c:  a, c, d, e (somewhat), g, o, q.  Time and time again I see children forming these letters incorrectly.  The following is from the Handwriting Without Tears website:

Teaching Order ~ Just a Suggestion for Home

The Handwriting Without Tears® developmental teaching order helps children master handwriting skills in the easiest, most efficient way. As a result, children can transition quickly from learning the mechanics of handwriting to focusing on content and meaning—in all subjects.

Capital Teaching Order

Developmentally, capitals are easier so it is suggested to teach them first. The capital teaching order helps teach correct formation and orientation while eliminating reversals. Learning capitals first makes it easy to transition to lowercase letters.

Frog Jump Capitals: FEDPBRNM, Starting Corner Capitals: HKLUVWXYZ, Center Starters: COQGSAITJ

Lowercase Teaching Order

Teach lowercase c, o, s, v, and w first because they are exactly the same as their capital partners, only smaller. By teaching capitals first, we have prepared children for nearly half of the lowercase letters that are similar in formation.

LETTER FORMATION IS IMPORTANT!  Students who form letters correctly and who have a firm grasp on spelling will have an easier time writing.  Poor handwriting, in combination with poor spelling, can contribute to disability in written expression (Graham, Harris, & Fink 2000, Graham, MacArthur, Fitzgerald, p. 276).  Failure to develop automatic and legible letter and word formation may interfere with content in writing (Jones & Christiansen, 1999, Graham, MacArthur, Fitzgerald, p. 276).  Students devoting too much time to letter formation or letter retrieval have less time for spelling, planning, and expressing themselves.

D.  Point out words seen around the home and neighborhood, such as those on cereal boxes and signs.  Children will learn to read the words they see frequently around them.  


E.  Expose your child to many different places, activities, and events.  Children who know a lot about different things will have an easier time reading.

F.  Sit down with your child and practice telling stories about something that happened recently. Write these stories on paper in a simple way (large print/short sentences/basic words) and have your child practice reading them with you.

G.  Encourage your child to read.  One way your child can read today on his/her own is to "read the pictures."  If the book is familiar have your child retell the book using the pictures.  

H.  Make reading and learning a family event.  Model that YOU are a reader, and provide your child with many books and magazines of his/her interest to read as YOU read.

I.  Check out this preschool website which has fun, practical activities addressing preschool skills such as coordination, listening, thinking, social skills, and more!

J.  Starfall is a great free website from learning ABCs to beginning reading skills! .  On my home page there is a Live Binder of interactive games, phonics, and phonemic awareness activities ~ DO THOSE!

K.  Do the Phonemic Awareness activities:

L.  Teach letter sounds using the Wilson Fundations sequence.  

*  Once you've taught short a, start teaching VC or CV words ~ real and nonsense ~ so the child can practice blending sounds into words, such as ap, ba, ta, ad ~ do this with all of the short vowels as you teach the short vowels and single consonants.

*CVC ~ real and nonsense ~ write down "consonant vowel consonant" words for your child to read ~ fiv, pob, duf, kag, sez, etc.  In kindergarten and grade 1, children are tested in these nonsense words ~ how many can they read in one minute?

*  CVCe ~ real and nonsense ~ like, bote, zute, etc.  The vowel says its name, not its sound.

*  CCVC and CVCC ~ real and nonsense short vowel words with blends ~ spot, list, pred, hosp, etc.

*  BONUS:  CCVCC, CCCVCCC ~ bland, splints, scronst ~ real and nonsense, all short vowel

*  Multisyllable words and words with vowel teams, such as ai, oa. . . .  This comes later in grade 1.


Finally, please read about the Common Core here, and how you can help at home:

Parent Communication 'shifts'

Remember, success at learning is one of the best ways to assure good feelings about learning!   Keep home practice positive.

An excellent FREE reading readiness test can be found at:






Araujo, Judith E., M.Ed., CAGS.  "Advice for PreK and K Parents/Letter Sound Teaching Order." Mrs. Judy Araujo, Reading Specialist. N.p., 10 Aug. 2012. Web.   <>.

Slosson Educational Publications Slosson Test of Reading Readiness, 1991.

Graphics are from Google Images.  Right click on them.


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